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Post 13. Museum of Patois Culture

The museum is located in a farmhouse dating from the early sixteenth century. It consists of a kitchen, a bedroom and a closet on the ground floor, while the basement houses a cellar.

This old house displays many objects and tools that were part of the household of the mountain farmer. With these objects, it is possible to get a more accurate idea of the life once led by the Anniviards.

In the 1950s, agriculture and breeding livestock gradually yielded to the winter tourism that developed as of the 1960s. In the past the Anniviards raised animals not only for food but also for clothing. The cow for example, supplied milk, butter, cheese, meat and leather for making shoes and other household items. Sheep were primarily wool producers. Spun and woven, this rough and long lasting local cloth, was used to make clothing. Pigs provided not only meat, but also the bacon, fat and lard that was used in cooking often mixed with butter. The Anniviards cultivated hemp for the manufacture of very coarse cloth of excellent quality that was subject to little wear. Linen was used to make shirts, underwear and bed sheets. Beans, cabbage and potatoes were cultivated. Rye was used for the production of bread, three to four times a year. This bread, with time, became very hard and had to be cut with a blade specially designed for this purpose, called a “tsapapan” in local dialect.

In Sierre, the Anniviards worked in vineyards and the vinification of wine which was transported by mule, from the valley of the Rhone up to the villages in small elongated oval barrels called “ barrots “. Life was very hard for everyone, but especially for women, particularly for mothers who often after many pregnancies, died in childbirth. It was only on Sundays and religious holidays, and in the afternoon, that women had few moments of rest. Men often found a moment to share a glass of wine in the cellar, with a neighbour or friends. Local politics were often decided in this discreet place. A visit to the museum is highly recommended. This can be arranged through the Tourist Offices.

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Post 13. Museum of Patois Culture
3961 Vissoie
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